Myth: sugar causes diabetes

Diabetes is not caused by consuming carbohydrates, including sugar. Both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes disrupt the body’s ability to convert blood glucose (commonly referred to as blood sugar) into energy. Starches and sugars – whether originating from foods like potatoes, carrots, corn, strawberries and watermelon, or from the sugar bowl – are first metabolized to glucose to meet basic energy needs.

In Type 1 diabetes, the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin, the hormone required for transforming the glucose fuel into energy. In Type 2 diabetes, the body is unable to properly use the insulin it produces. Even today, all the causes of diabetes are not known. Genetic and lifestyle factors play important roles. Managing one’s diet, however, is very important once a person develops diabetes.

The reality is this: The American Diabetes Association advises diabetics that sugar may be included in their diets provided it’s counted as part of their daily carbohydrate allowance.

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