You’ve probably heard of solar energy, but what about “sugar energy”? All green plants make sugar through photosynthesis, the process plants use to transform the sun’s energy into sugar, their stored food and energy supply.

The recipe for “sugar energy” is pretty easy and contains just four natural ingredients:


This powerful combination is all green plants need to make sugar (or sucrose, sugar’s molecular name). Here’s how they do it:



And while all green plants naturally make sugar through photosynthesis, sugar beets and sugar cane produce the greatest quantities of sugar, which is why they make the most efficient choices from which to extract sugar.


Since we’ve already provided a little science review, here are a few definitions as well:

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