Supported Research Publications

Research Publications

The Sugar Association is committed to transparent engagement with researchers, external partners and consumers to address knowledge gaps and support independent, peer-reviewed science. Recent literature suggests this framework, rooted in transparency and communication and reflected in our Operating Principles, leads to increased public confidence in industry-funded research,1 a goal the organization is working to achieve.

Recent Publications:

DiFrancesco L, Fulgoni VL, Gaine PC, Scott MO, Ricciuto L. Trends in added sugars intake and sources among U.S. adults using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2001–2018. Frontiers in Nutrition. 2022.

Ricciuto L, Fulgoni VL, Gaine PC, Scott, MO, DiFrancesco L. Trends in Added Sugars Intake and Sources Among US Children, Adolescents, and Teens Using NHANES 2001-2018. Journal of Nutrition. 2022;152(2):568-578. doi: 10.1093/jn/nxab395

Johnson SL, Moding KJ, Grimm KJ, Flesher AE, Bakke AJ, Hayes JE. Infant and Toddler Responses to Bitter-Tasting Novel Vegetables: Findings from the Good Tastes Study. Journal of Nutrition. 2021;00:1-13. doi: 10.1093/jn/nxab198

Ricciuto L, Fulgoni VL, Gaine PC, Scott, MO, DiFrancesco L. Sources of Added Sugars Intake Among the U.S. Population: Analysis by Selected Sociodemographic Factors Using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011–18. Frontiers in Nutrition. 2021;8:68763.

Johnson SL, Moding KJ. Introducing Hard-to-Like Foods to Infants and Toddlers: Mothers’ Perspectives and Children’s Experiences about Learning to Accept Novel Foods. In Black MM, Singhal A, Hillman CH, eds. Building Future Health and Well-Being of Thriving Toddlers and Young Children. 95th Nestlé Nutr Inst Workshop Ser. Basel, Karger; 2020:88–99.

Fulgoni VL, Gaine PC, Scott MO. Comparison of Various Methods to Determine Added Sugars Intake to Assess the Association of Added Sugars Intake and Micronutrient Adequacy. Nutrients. 2020;12(9):2816.

Fulgoni VL, Gaine PC, Scott MO, Ricciuto L, DiFrancesco L. Micronutrient dilution and added sugars intake in U.S. adults: Examining this association using NHANES 2009-2014. Nutrients. 2020;12(4):985.

Bakke AJ, Carney EM, Higgins MJ, Moding KJ, Johnson SL, Hayes JE. Blending dark green vegetables with fruits in commercially available infant foods makes them taste like fruit. Appetite. 2020;150:104652.

Fulgoni VL, Gaine PC, Scott MO, Ricciuto L, DiFrancesco L. Association of added sugars intake with micronutrient adequacy in U.S. children and adolescents: NHANES 2009-2014. Current Developments in Nutrition. 2019;3(12):1-11.

Moding KJ, Ferrante MJ, Bellows LL, Bakke AJ, Hayes JE, Johnson SL. Nutritional Content and Ingredients of Commercial Infant and Toddler Food Pouches Compared With Other Packages Available in the United States. Nutrition Today. 2019; 54(6):305-312.

Moding KJ, Ferrante MJ, Bellows LL, Bakke AJ, Hayes JE, Johnson SL. Variety and content of commercial infant and toddler vegetable products manufactured and sold in the United States. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2018;107:576-583.

Bakke AJ, Stubbs CA, McDowell EH, Moding KJ, Johnson SL, Hayes JE. Mary Poppins was right: Adding small amounts of sugar or salt reduces the bitterness of vegetables. Appetite. 2018. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2018.03.015.

Bailey RL, Fulgoni VL, Cowan AE, Gaine PC. Sources of Added Sugars in Young Children, Adolescents, and Adults with Low and High Intakes of Added Sugars. Nutrients. 2018;10(1):102.

nutrition today journal with information about sugar

Nutrition Today Supplement: Sweet Taste Perception and Feeding Toddlers. March/April 2017 – Volume 52 – Supplement

• Dwyer JT. Good Nutrition in Toddlers. Nutrition Today. 2017;52(2):S1-S2.5.
• Bailey RL, Barr SI. Introduction: Sweet Taste Perception and Feeding Toddlers. Nutrition Today. 2017;52(2):S3-S5.
• Achterberg C. A Perspective: Toddler Feeding, Science, and Nutrition Policy. Nutrition Today. 2017;52(2):S6-S13.
• Hayes JE, Johnson SL. Sensory Aspects of Bitter and Sweet Tastes During Early Childhood. Nutrition Today. 2017;52(2):S41-S51.
• Moshfegh AJ, Rhodes DG, Goldman JD, Clemens JC. Characterizing the Dietary Landscape of Children, 12 to 35 Months Old. Nutrition Today. 2017;52(2):S52-S59.
• Welsh JA, Figueroa J. Intake of Added Sugars During the Early Toddler Period. Nutrition Today. 2017;52(2):S60-68.
• Palmer CA. Oral and Dental Health Considerations in Feeding Toddlers. Nutrition Today. 2017;52(2):S69-S75.


The Sugar Association partners with the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Research Dietetic Practice Group (RDPG) to sponsor research grants to further our understanding of nutrition science.


1. Alexander N, Rowe S, Brackett RE, et al. Achieving a transparent, actionable framework for public-private partnerships for food and nutrition research. Am J Clin Nutr. 2015;101(6):1359Y1363.

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